Book Announcement: A Genius Hoax: Shakespeare’s Trojan Horse War Play

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 29.004  Tuesday, 16 January 2018


From:        Mark Alcamo

Date:         January 16, 2018 at 5:17:12 AM EST0

Subject:    Book Announcement: A Genius Hoax: Shakespeare’s Trojan Horse War Play 

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Cambridge PhD student wins Duncan Tanner Essay Prize

David Cowan (Wolfson, 2015) has won the Duncan Tanner Essay Prize for 2017, with an article titled 'The 'Progress of a Slogan': Youth, Culture, and the Shaping of Everyday Political Languages in late 1940s Britain.' This piece, described by reviewers as 'a dazzling, suggestive piece,' will be published in Twentieth Century British History in 2018. Many congratulations to David, who is completing a PhD titled 'Social Change in Everyday Language in Britain, 1939-1990'.

Cambridge PhD student wins Duncan Tanner Essay Prize

David Cowan (Wolfson, 2015) has won the Duncan Tanner Essay Prize for 2017, with an article titled 'The 'Progress of a Slogan': Youth, Culture, and the Shaping of Everyday Political Languages in late 1940s Britain.' This piece, described by reviewers as 'a dazzling, suggestive piece,' will be published in Twentieth Century British History in 2018. Many congratulations to David, who is completing a PhD titled 'Social Change in Everyday Language in Britain, 1939-1990'.

The Motherhood Decision

The Motherhood Decision: How do Women Decide and what Influences them?

The Perceptions of Pregnancy blog, like the Researchers’ Network, aims to reach beyond boundaries and borders, and to facilitate an international and interdisciplinary conversation on pregnancy and its associated bodily and emotional experiences from the earliest times to the present day. This week, in the first of a two-part series, Margaret O’Connor explores women’s decision making processes.

Motherhood is a powerful concept which affects women throughout their lives, both by its presence and absence. Motherhood can now be a conscious choice, theoretically at least, to be actively pursued or avoided with medical technology. There is increasing accessibility to reproductive technologies for people with fertility issues. Meanwhile, there is a growing proportion of women who actively choose not to become mothers. This choice is a relatively new experience.

DecisionWhile it is deeply personal, motherhood is influenced by external factors including political, social and cultural contexts. Academic literature mainly focuses on decisions from the point of motherhood onwards, with little attention to the decision itself, unless there are other factors such as medical conditions present (1). My qualitative research shows that there are several types of decision making processes and a wide range of influential factors involved.

Decision Making Processes
Lack of process Simply sure either for or against motherhood
Over and back process Change of mind between positions
Forced process Need to make a decision due to health or age factors
If becomes when If you decide to become a mother, a series of other decisions follow
Conscious and unconscious elements It can be a background factor but then change to become a very definite issue
Questioning of decision due to social pressure This can add an extra step if you make a decision but feel under pressure that it is not a socially acceptable decision.

Women described it as a very personal and internal process. This reflects the finding of Maher and Saugeres (2007) for women who chose not to have children (2). I found this also applies to those choosing to become mothers. Uncertainty is often present regarding several areas including whether motherhood is something you really want. There is a fear of regretting whatever decision you make and also of losing your identity as a person to the role of mother, where this overrides your other roles and interests. This strongly reflects O’Reilly’s idea of sacrificial motherhood which “requires and results in the repression or denial of the mothers own selfhood” (2004 p.15) (3). There is uncertainty about ability to cope with the physical and emotional changes of motherhood, for your relationship to cope and anxiety around possible health complications for mother/child. There is also practical uncertainty about when is the right/best time to have a child; work/career and finances are very influential here.

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Francophonie en Orient

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Original author: Kang

Engineering the Future, Understanding the Past

Erik van der Vleuten, Ruth Oldenziel, and Mila Davids

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

212 pages | 10 line drawings | 6 x 9

Paper $21.99 ISBN: 9789462985407 Published January 2018 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Technology today is often presented as our best hope of solving the world's social and sustainability problems. And that's nothing new: engineers have always sought to meet the big challenges of their times—even as those challenges have shaped their technology. This book offers a historical look at those interactions between engineering and social challenges, showing how engineers developed solutions to past problems, and looking at the ways that those solutions often bring with them unintended consequences that themselves require solving.

Original author: van

Fascism, Liberalism and Europeanism in the Political Thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce

List of Abbreviations
Introduction: Fascism in France and Beyond
Intellectual Fascism?
Between Immunity and Pan-Fascism
New Perspectives
Europeanism, Fascism and Neoliberalism
1 ‘En Faisant l’Europe’: Internationalism and the Fascist Drift
‘La Nouvelle Génération Européenne’: Generational Politics in 1920s France
Reconciliation with Germany at All Costs?
Metaphysical Europeanism
2 Planning, Fascism and the State: 1930-1939
From Liberalism to ‘l’Économie Dirigée’
A National and Social Revolution
Party Intellectuals at the Service of Fascism
3 Facing a Fascist Europe: 1939-1943
Defeat and Readjustment
Tracing the Origins of Defeat
‘On the Threshold of a New World’
New Rulers, Old Acquaintances
Collaboration and Attentisme
4 A European Revolution?: Liberation and the Post-War Extreme Right
Liberation and Persecution
Exile and Exclusion
‘Beyond Nazism’: Monarchism and the Heritage of Fascism
Reinventing the Extreme Right
Europeanism, Federalism and the Reconfiguration of the Extreme Right
5 Europeanism, Neoliberalism and the Cold War
On Private Life and Facial Hair
On Power: Pessimism, Aristocracy and the Distruct of Democracy
A Mountain in Switzerland: Neoliberalism and the Mont Pèlerin Society
‘This General feeling of Open Conspiracy’
Conclusion: From the Sohlberg to Mont Pèlerin
List of Figures

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: Knegt

Homer, Troy and the Turks

Preface and Acknowledgements
I The Discovery of Troy
Schliemann and the Ottomans in the 1870s
1 The Question of ‘ubi Troia fuit’
2 Heinrich Schliemann in the Troad
3 Schliemann’s Confrontation with Ottoman Authorities
4 Ottomans Claiming Trojan Artefacts
5 Troy: A Protected Zone
6 Excavating in the Shadow of War
II Classical Antiquities and Ottoman Patrimony
The Muslim Elite and Their Involvement with Classical Civilization
1 Antiquities and Museum: Interests and Conflicts
2 Zeal for Civilization: Enlightened Ideas and Ideals in the Empire
3 The Cosmopolitan Muslim Elite of a Multifarious Empire
4 Osman Hamdi Bey: A New Era in Ottoman Archaeology and Museology
III A Closer Watch on Schliemann (1882-1885)
1 Profitable Political Conditions
2 The Excavations
3 The Ottoman Elite’s Displeasure with the Ineffective Antiquuities Law of 1874
4 New Antiquities Legislation (1884): Ottoman Claim to Ancient Heritage
IV Homer and Troy in Ottoman Literature
An Overview
1 Early Ottoman-Turkish Interest in the Homeric Epics
2 New Ottoman Literature: Educating the Public and Changing Perceptions
3 Mythology and Homer: Ottoman Reticence
4 Homer and Troy in Ottoman Essays, Books, Plays and the First Translations (1884-1908)
5 Admiration for the ‘Lord of Poets’
6 Izmir (Smyrna): Homer’s Hometown
V Homer and Troy during the Final Years of the Empire
1 Controlling Heritage and the Development of the Ottoman Museum
2 Schliemann’s Reputation under Fire
3 The Final Encounter of Schliemann and the Ottomans in Troy
4 Finding Troy Once More: Dörpfeld’s Excavations in 1893 and 1894
5 Overseeing Troy at the Turn of the Century
Epilogue of an Empire
Manuscript Sources

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: Uslu

Displacement of Borders among Russian Koreans in Northeast Asia

Note on transliteration, translation, and names
Clearing the ground
Introduction: the obscure presence of Russian Koreans in Northeast Asia
Displacement and mobility
‘Wounded attachment’
Russian Koreans and Soviet disengagement from the Asia-Pacific frontier
Unity and diversity
Fieldwork and outline of chapters
1 The history of ‘Korean question’ and border-making in the Russian Far East
An early crossing: the flight from hunger
The formation of a border and the beginning of regulation (1884-1904)
The Korean question and the ‘yellow peril’
Internal diversification of Korean settlers and the anti-Japanese movement
Building Soviet socialism and cleansing the Soviet Far East
Memory in silence in the present
2 Repatriating to the Russian Far East, confronting the transition
Early repatriates: returnees from Central Asia in the 1950s
Newcomer Koreans in the early 1990s: ‘organized’ migration in chaos
From migrants to traders in the mid-1990s
Late newcomers and problems with documents
The notion of ‘locality’ for newcomer and old resident Koreans
3 Living Soviet socialism the Korean way: mobile agriculture at the border of socialism
Rice cultivation: socialist peasants in Soviet Central Asia
Work vnye (‘outside’) the system: gobonjil during Soviet times
Nomadic socialist peasants in the lacunae of Soviet socialism
Trading cultivators or cultivating traders: trading political status with economic wealth
One’s own people in/outside the Soviet system
Living on the border of Soviet socialism
4 Greenhouse society: the subsistence economy and house-holding
The economic conditions for greenhouse cultivation
Greenhouse construction and the preparation of young plants indoors
The greenhouse as threshold
The greenhouse in gendered terms
The extended space of the house
Food: everyday meals and ceremonial banquets
The transformation of women in the continuity and extension of the house
Becoming persons
5 Recalling history: Koreiskii Dom, transnational connections, and diaspora politics
Koreiskii Dom as a stage for diasporic politics
Leadership change and its implications
Different visions for a Russian Korean collective identity
Appendix 1
Appendix 2

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: Gwi

Sex, Drugs and Rock 'n' Roll in the Dutch Golden Age

1. The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century
Amsterdam, 2017
Otto Copes, 1629
The richest country in the world
A country full of young people
Amsterdam, center of the world
The wedding party
Jeunesse dorée
Consumer goods
A fascination with children
Founding fathers of a new society
Young people in the Republic
2. Violence
College life
Frères d’armes
Armed young men
Student violence
Karel Vijgh
Loco parentis
Group behavior
Channeling violence
3. The Prodigal Son
The ‘Hair War’
Youth fashion
Bright colors
Calculated sloppiness
Pimped-up clothing
Fashion and moralism
4. Alcohol
College life
Drinking games
The Bentvueghels
Chambers of rhetoric
Foreign youths
From bad to worse
Daniel Souterius
Dirck Pietersz Pers
Father Cats
5. Sex
Public courting
Puberty in the Golden Age
Rembrandt, the late bloomer
Sex education
Venereal diseases
6. Drugs
A new trend
Adriaen Brouwer
Young people and novelty
Doom and gloom
Smoking: a burning issue
Medical discourse
7. Rock ‘n’ Roll
Jan Jansz Starter
Secular songbooks
Making music
The art of love
8. Conclusion
Otto Copes, 1650
A new generation
Founding fathers
Education and the Dutch mentality

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: B.

African-Asian Encounters

234 pages | 4 halftones, 13 line drawings | 6 x 9

Cloth $115.00 ISBN: 9789462984288 Published January 2018 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

In recent decades, ties between Africa and Asia have greatly increased. And while most of the scholarly attention to the phenomenon has focused on China, often with an emphasis on asymmetric power relations in both politics and economics, this book takes a much broader view, looking at various small and medium-sized actors in Asia and Africa in a wide range of fields. It will be essential for scholars working on Asian-African studies and will also offer insights for policymakers working in this fast-changing field.

Original author: Graf;

Trans-Himalayan Borderlands

Trans-Himalayan as Multistate Margins
Dan Smyer Yü
I Territory, Worldviews, and Power through Time
1 Adjusting Livelihood Structure in the Southeast Asian Massif
Jean Michaud
2 The Properties of Territory in Nepal’s State of Transformation
Sara Shneiderman
3 Trans-Himalayan Buddhist Secularities
Sino-Indian Geopolitics of Territoriality in Indo-Tibetan Interface
Dan Smyer Yü
4 Buddhist Books on Trans-Himalayan Pathways
Materials and Technologies Connecting People and Ecological Environments in a Transnational Landscape
Hildegard Diemberger
5 Seeking China’s Back Door
On English Handkerchiefs and Global Local markets in the Early Nineteenth Century
Gunnel Cederlöf
II Livelihood Reconstructions, Flows, and Trans-Himalayan Modernities
6 Contested Modernities
Place, Subjectivity, and Himalayan Dam Infrastructures
Georgina Drew
7 Plurality and Plasticity of Everyday Humanitarianism in the Karen Conflict
Alexander Horstmann
8 Being Modern
Livelihood Reconstruction among Land-lost Peasants in Chenggong (Kunming)
Yang Cheng
9 Tibetan Wine Production, Taste of Place, and Regional Niche Identities in Shangri-La, China
Brendan A. Galipeau
10 Tea and Merit
Landscape Making in the Ritual Lives of the De’ang People in Western Yunnan
Li Quanmin
11 In-between Poppy and Rubber Fields
Experimenting a Transborder Livelihood among the Akha in the Northwestern Frontier Laos
Li Yunxia
12 A Fortuitous Frontier Opportunity
Cardamom Livelihoods in the Sino-Vietnamese Borderlands
Sarah Turner
Frictions in Trans-Himalayan Studies
Jean Michaud

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: Smyer

Christianization of Western Baetica

Addendum: Location and Current Names of Places Mentioned in this Book
List of Abbreviations
Part 1 Baetica in Late Antiquity
1 Roman Baetica in History
2 Cities and Landscapes in West Roman Baetica
3 From Constantine the Great to the Arab Invasion
Rome Was Not Eternal
The Dark Ages
History of the Goths
Part 2 Early Christian Topography
4 The Ecclesiastical Organization of Baetica in Late Antiquity
5 The Bishopric of Córdoba (Corduba)
The City of Córdoba
The Outskirts of the City of Córdoba
6 The Disphopric of Cabra (Egabrum)
The Outskirts of the City of Cabra
The Territory of the Bishopric of Cabra
7 The Bishopric of Écija (Astigi)
The City of Écija
The Territory of the Bishopric of Écija
8 The Bishopric of Seville (Hispalis)
The City of Seville
The Territory of the Bishopric of Seville
9 The Bishopric of Italica
The Outskirts of the City of Italica
The Territory of the Bishopric of Italica
10 The Bishopric of Niebla (Ilipla)
The Periphery of Niebla
The Territory of the Bishopric of Niebla
Part 3 Christianization: An Archaeology of Ecclesiastical Power
11 The First Christian Buildings of Late Antique Western Baetica
Episcopal Complexes
Churches: Types, Topographic Context, Purpose
Baptismal Buildings
Monastic Complexes
Colonnaded Streets, Sigma-Places, and Atria
Funerary Buildings
Funerary Enclosures
A Global Perspective
12 The City of God: The Making of Church Power

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: Sánchez

Our Nanotechnology Future

Part I Nanotechnology basics
I. Nanoscience and nanotechnology
The size domain of nanoscience and nanotechnology
Nanotechnology in the past
Intellectual foundations of nanotechnology
Can we see atoms?
The scanning tunneling microscope
The atomic force microscope
Manipulating atoms
II. The Quantum world
Classical versus quantum mechanics
Wave-particle duality
Determinism versus a probabilistic approach
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Quantum numbers
Spin- an intrinsic property
Fermions and bosons
Quantum tunneling
III. The mesoscopic world
The forces of nature
The role of size
Surface versus volume
Surface tension
Heat transfer
Chemical bonding
Intermolecular forces
Semi-classical approaches
IV. Nanomaterials and nanostructures
Classifying nanomaterials
Hybrid organic-inorganic nanomaterials
Smart materials
V. Natural nanomaterials
Nanomaterials in nature
Self-cleaning surfaces
Reversible adhesives
Lightweight materials
Manipulating light at the nanoscale
Fibers stronger than steel
Low-friction materials
Multiscale structures
VI. Nanofabrication
Top-down and bottom-up approachesLithography
Deposition at the nanoscale
Polishing, etching, patterning
VII. King Carbon
Carbon nanotubes
Part 2 Applications of nanotechnology
VIII. Health Diagnostics
Major diseases
In-Vitro Diagostics
IX. Therapeutics
Drug delivery
Delivery routes
Drug carriers
Nanoparticles and drug delivery
X. Regenerative medicine
Cell therapy
XI. The Food Chain
Feeding people
Agricultural Production
Food processing
XII. From microelectronics to nanoelectronics
Moore’s law
Technology nodes
Smaller, faster and cheaper
XIII. Quantum nanoelectronics
Towards few-electron electronics
Coulomb blockade
The single electron transistor
Quantum dots
Confining and Controlling light
Photonic crystals
XIV. Molecular electronics
Electronic conduction
Molecular wires
Molecular diodes and transistors
Conductive polymers
Self-assemlbed monolayers
XV. Nanocatalysis
Catalysts make life easier
Nanocatalysts for chemical reactions
Enzymes speed up biological reactions
Designing nanocatalysts
XVI. Energy production
Fossil fuels
Renewable energies
Energy storage
Fuel cells
Nuclear energy
XVII. Housing
Outside the buildings
Inside the buildings
XVIII. Nanotechnology in automobiles
Interior of the car
Chassis and tires
Power train
Batteries and supercapacitors
XIX. Defense and security
Homeland security
XX. Nanotoxicity
Hazard and risk
Nanomaterials and nanoparticles
Nanoparticle sources
Nanoparticle exposure
Toxicity of nanoparticles
Natural nanoparticles
Anthropogenic nanoparticles
Engineered nanoparticles
List of illustrations’ copyright and licensing
Short bibliography

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: B.

Rebels with a Cause

240 pages | 8 1/4 x 10 1/4

Cloth $38.50 ISBN: 9789462984103 Published January 2018 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Every age has had its rebels: socialists, peace activists, sexual reformers, fundamentalists, and more. The collections of the International Institute of Social History (IISH) in Amsterdam are full of them. The IISH is the world’s largest documentation centre in the field of social history and emancipation movements. This book looks back on seventy-five years of the IISH and its collections, with a focus on creative ideas and people who fought for radical change, from Karl Marx to Aung San Suu Kyi, the French Revolution to the Chinese student revolt of 1989, from the early modern world explorers to today’s anti-globalists.

Original author: Kloosterman;

Films of Bill Morrison

Aesthetics of the Archive: An Introduction
Bernd Herzogenrath
1 Drafts and Fragments: Reflections around Bill Morrison and the Paper Print Collection
André Habib
2 The Film of Her: The Cine-Poet Laureate of Orphan Films
Dan Streible
3 Ghost Trip: Searching for Potential Myths
Benjamin Léon
4 Decasia: The Matter|Image: Film is also a Thing
Bernd Herzogenrath
5 The Mesmerist: Illustrating the Return of the Repressed
Hans Morgenstern
6 Light is Calling: Celluloid Dreams
Hanjo Berressem
7 Gotham: Zoetrope: Block by Block
8 Outerborough: Early Cinema Revisited
Jan-Christopher Horak
9 The Highwater Trilogy: Thinking the Liquid – on the Ethics of Water and the Material Ecologies of Disaster and Ruination
Yasmin Afshar
10 Porch: Archives, Collective Memory, and the Poetics of Home Movies
William Cusick
11 The Future Lasts Long: The Romanov Lost Family Archives
Agnès Villete
12 Who by Water: Variations on Matter, Figures, Memory, and Mythology
Andrea Pierron
13 Every Stop on the F-Train: Beyond and Within the Restless Netherworld of (Manhattan’s Mind)
Benjamin Betka
14 Spark of Being: Bachelor Machine
Bérénice Reynaud
15 The Miners’ Hymns: Acts of Resurrection
Simon Popple
16 Tributes – Pulse: A Requiem for the 20th Century: Death | Drive | Image
Johannes Binotto
17 Just Ancient Loops: The Loops of Life in Intonation
Eva Hoffmann
18 The Great Flood: Water is Transparence Derived from the Presence  of Everything
Sukhdev Sandhu
19 Re-Awakening: Bill Morrison in Conversation
Lawrence Weschler
Index of Film Titles
Index of Names
Index of Subjects

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: Herzogenrath

Film History as Media Archaeology

"As the field of film studies has morphed into media studies, no one has better grasped the consequences and opportunities for scholarship than Thomas Elsaesser. He has deftly managed to keep the whole equation of film and media studies in his head, both in his own work and as Film Culture in Transition's series editor. The result is nothing less than an ongoing tour de force as he analyzes contemporary Hollywood cinema in one book, film theory in another, and various permutations of German cinema in still others. Continuing his commitment to early cinema, Elsaesser's most recent publication rethinks the terms of film history within a broader framework of media archaeology—a call that has already generated a new, vibrant arena of research and erudition. Not only is Film History as Media Archaeology impressive in its own right, as the fiftieth volume in Film Culture in Transition, his book series with Amsterdam University Press, Elsaesser has deployed his acumen and rigor to nurture, shape, and inspire a generation (or two) of scholars."

Original author: Elsaesser

Anticipating Sin in Medieval Society

1 Little Books of Penance
Introduction to the Sources
The Penitential of Finnian
The Ambrosian Penitential
The Penitential of Columbanus
The Penitential of Cummean
The Burgundian Penitential
The Penitential of Theodore
The Penitential of Ecgbert
The Bigotian Penitential
The Old Irish Penitential
Subjectivity in Practice
2The Aetas Infantes
Speech and the Limits of Childhood Innocence
The Language of Childhood
An Age of Infancy
Doli Capax
Little Sinners
Vulnerable Infants
Shared Anxieties
3 The Games of Youth
Puberty, Culpability, and Autonomy
Between Childhood and Autonomy
Youths in Religious Communities
Sexual Oppression and Pollution
A Spectrum of Youth and Culpability
Young Females
Dependence and Autonomy
Sex, Age, and Status
4 Children of Eve
Lawful Marriage and the Regulation of Sexual Intercourse
Regulating Sex in Marriage
Challenging Illicit Unions
Dissolution of Conjugal Unions
Religious Vows and Sexual Legitimacy
5 Heirs of Sodom
Sexual Deviance, Pollution, and Community
Lust, Pollution, and Self-Discipline
Pastoral Duties and Temptation
Terminology, Placement, and Equivalence
Transmitting Pollution
Incest and Social Contamination
Women and Deviant Sex
The Sin of Sodom
6 Siblings of Cain
Social Violence and the Gendering of Sin
Abortion as Violence
Violence against Children
Violence as a Gendered Sin
Violence and Status
List of Tables
Table 1 Demographics
Table 2 General Topics
Table 3 Potential Components

For more information, or to order this book, please visit

Original author: V.

Narrative Worlds of Paul the Deacon

328 pages | 46 line drawings | 6 x 9 | © 2017

Cloth $115.00 ISBN: 9789089648235 Published January 2018 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Written as the Lombard kingdom was on the cusp of downfall at the hands of the Carolingian empire, the works of Paul the Deacon (c. 720–799) are vital to understanding the history of Italy and Western Europe in the Middle Ages. But until now, scholars have tended to neglect the narrative structure of his texts, which reflect in important ways his personal responses to the events of his time. This study presents fresh interpretations of Paul’s Historia Romana, Vita Sancti Gregorii Magni, Gesta Episcopum Mettensium, and Historia Langobardorum by focusing on him as an individual and on his strategies of argumentation, ultimately advancing a new conception of Paul as a dynamic author whose development of multiple lines of thought deserves closer examination.

Original author: Heath

Popular Music in Southeast Asia

Bart Barentdregt, Peter Keppy, and Henk Schulte Nordholt

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

100 pages | 15 halftones | 5.25 x 8.25

Paper $43.50 ISBN: 9789462984035 Published January 2018 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

From the 1920s on, popular music in Southeast Asia was a mass-audience phenomenon that drew new connections between indigenous musical styles and contemporary genres from elsewhere to create new, hybrid forms. This book presents a cultural history of modern Southeast Asia from the vantage point of popular music, considering not just singers and musicians but their fans as well, showing how the music was intrinsically bound up with modern life and the societal changes that came with it. Reaching new audiences across national borders, popular music of the period helped push social change, and at times served as a medium for expressions of social or political discontent.

Original author: Barentdregt;
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