PhD student Pedro Feitoza wins first World Christianities Essay Prize

The Journal of Ecclesiastical History this year created the World Christianities Essay Prize, which awards articles on the history of Christianity outside Europe and North America since the year 700.

Pedro's article, titled ‘Experiments in missionary writing: Protestant missions and the Imprensa Evangelica (Evangelical Press) in Brazil, 1864-1892’, won the inaugural prize.

It examines the production and circulation of Brazil’s first evangelical periodical, the Imprensa Evangelica, created by American Presbyterian missionaries and administered by Brazilian converts.

 

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-ecclesiastical-history/world-christianities-essay-prize

HU-Astrophysiker untersuchen Expansionsgeschichte des Universums

PRESSEMITTEILUNG DER HUMBOLDT-UNIVERSITÄT ZU BERLIN
Berlin, 16. November 2017 | Nr. 79/2017

 

Teleskopaufnahme

Ein Teleskop mit einer extrem starkauflösenden Kamera durchsucht künftig den Kosmos jede Nacht auf Sternexplosionen, aufflammende Schwarze Löcher und andere kurzlebige, energiereiche Himmelsereignisse. Die Kamera „Zwicky Transient Facility" (ZTF) kann hunderttausende Sterne und Galaxien auf einmal beobachten und dadurch besonders schnell den Nachthimmel durchmustern. Das sogenannte First Light vom 1. November 2017, also die erste Kameraufnahme, zeigt einen Ausschnitt aus dem Sternbild Orion, unter anderem mit dem berühmten Pferdekopfnebel (s. Bild).

An der Himmelsbeobachtung sind mehrere internationale Partner beteiligt: Die Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (HU) und das Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Deutschland sowie das California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in den USA. Dort steht auch das Teleskop.

 

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Necessary Compounds: Medicines Explained

Mallow plant

At the end of his English Physician (a work that appeared in many editions from 1652), the prolific author and apothecary Nicholas Culpeper included a section explaining what, exactly, was meant by the various compounds which physicians prescribed. Compounds were the opposite of remedies known as ‘simples’ or medicines made from herbs in their natural form with nothing added.

In this post we’ll run through (an abridged version) of them since it is useful as a reference to some of the cures mentioned here on the blog, but also in Maladies and Medicine. A common theme of many of these processes is a lot of sugar! We’d quite like to try a lohoch or medicated licorice stick …

Distilled Waters  – Waters are distilled from Herbs, Flowers, Fruits, and Roots through a cold water process and can last a year of stored in a pewter pot. Culpeper makes it clear that this is a cold process not the form of heat and evaporation distillation used by chemists. Syrups –  a Medicine of a Liquid form, ‘composed of Infusion, Decoction and Juyce’ which is made more tasty and will keep better if added to honey and ‘boiled to the thicknesse of new Honey’. Juleps– ‘It signifies only a pleasant Potion, and was vulgarly used (by such as were sick and wanted help, or such as were in health, and wanted no money) to quench thirst’. Decoctions – the process of extracting soluble substances by boiling them ‘AL the difference between Decoctions, and Syrups made by Decoction, is this, Syrups are made to keep, Decoctions only for present use; for you can hardly keep a Decoction a week any time, if the weather be hot, not half so long. Decoctions are made of Leavs, Roots, Flowers, Seeds, Fruits, or Barks, conducing to the Cure of the Disease you make them for; in the same manner are they made as we shewed you in Syrups. Decoctions made with Wine last longer than such as are made with Water, and if you take your Decoction to clense the Passages of Urine, or open Obstructions, your best way is to make it with white Wine instead of Water, because this is most penetrating’. Oyls – predominantly olive oil, ‘which is commonly known by the name of Sallet Oyl, I suppose because it is usually eaten with Sallets by them that love it; If it be pressed out of ripe Olives, according to Galen is temperate, and exceeds in no one quality’. Electuary – pastes or powders mixed with honey. ‘PHysitians makes more a quoil then needs behalf about Electuaries: I shal prescribe but one general way of making them up; as for the ingredients you may vary them as you please’. Conserves – can be either made from herbs and flowers or fruits. Herbal conserves are made in a mortar by pounding them with sugar whereas fruit ones are made from boiling fruit pulp in sugar.

Pill moulds, 18th century, from the collection of Eugene Segers, Brussels. Wellcome Library

Preserves – flowers, fruits, roots, or bark preserved in sugar. Lohoch -linctus or medicines to be taken by licking. ‘They are in Body thicker than a Syrup, and not so thick as an Electuary. The manner of taking them, is often to take a little with a Liquoris stick, and let it go down at leisure’. Ointments – essentially medications mixed into grease for topical application. Plaisters – medicated plasters made by mixing herbs into mediums including animal dung and placing on the affected area. Pultisses or poultice – heated medications applied to the skin to draw out malign humours. To be used with caution. Troche – buttons -medicines made into little cakes, to make them easier to carry when travelling. Pills – balls of medicines. ‘It is the Opinion of Modern Physitians, That this way of making up Medicines, was invented only to deceive the Pallat, that so by swallowing them down whol, the bitterness of the Medicine might not be perceived, or at least it might not be unsufferable; and indeed most of their Pils, though not al, are very bitter’. Also have the advantage of being hard so meaning the medicine lasts longer in the body.

So there you have it, a whole range of medicinal compounds, made by a range of practitioners for different purposes, summarised by Culpeper in an attempt to educate people about what they were consuming.

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Hungarian Film 1929 - 1947

 Acknowledgements
A Note on Accents, Pronunciation, Names, and Spellings
Preface
 
Introduction
No Dividing Wall between Hungarian and Hungarian
Setting the Scene
Key Questions
The Nation as Auteur
What is Hungarian Film?
Structure
 
1 Key Concepts in Pre-1945 Hungarian Cinema
A Nation in Search of an Identity
Fragment of Empire: Borders
An Imagined Community: Nemzeti
Land of the Living Dead: Nemzethalál
Race and Racism
 
2 A Contested Film History
Contemporary Commentators
Communist Critics
Post-Communist Film Scholarship
Non-Academic Revisionism
Fruit of the Poison Tree
English-Language Scholarship
 
3 An Industry Emerges 1931-1935
Before the Sound: Silents
Then There Was Sound
                István Székely and Hyppolit
What the Well-Dressed Jew is Wearing
Family Fortunes
Local Films for Local People!
                Folksploitation
 
4 Boom, Crisis and Anti-Semitic Reorganization 1936-1941
Whose Film Is It Anyways?
Modern… But Not Too Modern
Stars
A Hungarian Invention
Trade Unionization Efforts
Two Faces of Gyula Kabos
                The Nobility of the Hurt Little Man
                The Worm in Our Bosom
A Downtrodden Majority
                Arguments for the Implementation of Anti-Jewish Measures
                A Need Well Met
Act 15 of 1938
                The Film Chamber
                Hungarian Resurrection
Act 4 of 1938
                Putsching the Putschists
Hitler’s Motorways
Films about the Land: Inside/Outside
 
5 From War Boom to Bust 1941-1944
What They Can Do, We Can Do Better
New Stars
Bánky and Páger
The Hungarian Military Ideal: Representing War
Pinnacle of Hungarianness: Mountain Films
Seeing the Light
Fighting an Unseen Enemy: Doctors in Wartime Cinema
To the Glory of the Race
Arc Lights in the Blackout
 
Epilogue: Industry Reboot and the Myth of a New Start 1945-1947
Green Shoots
Out with the Bad Air, in with the Good
Justice and Ambition
Somewhere in Europe
 
Concluding Remarks
Bibliography
Index
 

For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu

Original author: Gergely

Academic Skills for Interdisciplinary Studies

Ger Post, Vincent Visser, and Joris Buis

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

28 line art | 6 2/3 x 9 1/4

Paper $18.99 ISBN: 9789462983595 Published November 2017 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Academic skills are tools that enable students to gain, develop, and critically discuss new information during and after their undergraduate and graduate studies. This handbook offers practical instructions and tips that promote a wide range of skills, including effective study and research strategies, presentation abilities, approaches to critical thinking and reflection, and more. Taken together, the contributions build upon the knowledge and experience of dozens of instructors and thousands of students to support mastery of the modern university’s interdisciplinary curriculum.

Original author: Post;

Conceptions et usages historiques des émotions collectives, du Moyen Âge à nos jours

Journée d’études organisée à la Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’Homme (Aix-en-Provence) le 15 novembre 2017 : Programme ici

 

Original author: Damien Boquet

"Shakespeare Statistics"

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 28.288  Monday, 13 November 2017

 

From:        Hartmut Ilsemann <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>

Date:         November 10, 2017 at 4:50:56 AM EST

Subject:    "Shakespeare Statistics"

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Speculum Reading Group

Last spring we launched a Speculum reading group as one way to keep abreast of new directions in Medieval Studies (broadly speaking), beyond what we already do via the Wednesday lunchtime workshops and other campus events.  Our plan is to meet, a few weeks after the publication of each issue of the journal, for discussion, which is generally focused on three articles selected from the recent issue.

Our next gathering will be on Friday, November 17 from 12-1:30pm, in Lane History Corner Rm 302.  Lunch will be served, so please RSVP to Mae Lyons-Penner (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) if you plan to attend and to alert us to any dietary restrictions.

For the next meeting, we plan to discuss the following articles (all from the October 2017 issue):

1) George Dameron: “Feeding the Medieval Italian City-State: Grain, War, and Political Legitimacy in Tuscany, c. 1150–c. 1350” (discussion leader: Rowan Dorin)

2) Dyan Elliott: “Violence against the Dead: The Negative Translation and damnatio memoriae in the Middle Ages” (discussion leader: Lauren Judd)

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Jonathan Swift Festival, 23–26 November 2017

Jonathan Swift Festival, 23–26 November

Dean Jonathan Swift

From TheLiberties.ie:

A fabulous weekend of cultural events beckons this November to celebrate the life and work of Ireland’s most popular author. Listen to ballads from 300 years ago, take walking tours around Swift’s Dublin, watch a theatrical performance or sit down to eat a dinner in the beautiful surrounds of Saint Patrick’s Cathedral. Immerse yourself in Swift’s life and work, and hear from contemporary writers, musicians, historians and performers taking up Swift’s challenge to “Go, traveller, and imitate if you can this earnest and dedicated champion of liberty.”

The famous author and Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral was born 350 years ago this year. Best known for his satirical works, including Gulliver’s Travels, Swift was also a noted champion of liberty and freedom of thought and advanced a number of social causes. His legacy to the city is profound, both in a celebrated body of work and in a number of institutions which he founded and endowed, including St Patrick’s Hospital on Bow Lane.

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Irish Renaissance Seminar, 18 Nov, TCD: Full programme announced

This blog is designed to draw together academic events, plays and research in early modern literature across the island of Ireland.

Created by Dr. Derek Dunne (unifr.academia.edu/DerekDunne) and Dr. Emily O'Brien (tcd.academia.edu/EmilyOBrien), with Dr. Edel Semple (ucc-ie.academia.edu/EdelSemple).

Contact us with news and events at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and follow us on Twitter at @shakesinireland

Original author: Emily Y. O'Brien

Digital Manuscripts Workshop

December 1, 2017 - 9:30am to 12:30pm

A growing number of images from cultural heritage institutions around the world are available for use and re-use by scholars through the International Image Interoperability Framework (http://iiif.io). This framework and community facilitates comparison of materials across repositories through a common protocol. It also allows for the use of a number of lightweight tools that can be hosted at your institution, or on your laptop, for viewing, annotation, transcription, and collection-building. This workshop will focus on discovery of interoperable resources, building collections of resources for teaching and research, and the use of tools that support these activities. No previous experience with IIIF is required. Each participant will get hands-on experience gathering materials from across the web, working with software tools to compare and annotate those materials, and with ample time for in-workshop experimentation and discussion.

Original author: Mae Lyons-Penner
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Connoisseurship and the Knowledge of Art in the Netherlands, 1400 to the present

CALL FOR PAPERS: NEDERLANDS KUNSTHISTORISCH JAARBOEK, VOL. 69, 2019
 

 
Connoisseurship has long been suspect. Though essential to the study of material objects, it has been opposed to the more ‘substantive’ discipline of academic art history, and reviled as outmoded and elitist, as tainted by the market, and as concerned merely with such artist-reifying/mystifying issues as attribution, authenticity and the autograph ‘hand’. The connoisseur – with typically his ‘eye’ – has been dismissed as a dinosaur.
 
Yet, the practice of connoisseurship has continued apace – indeed, has been reinvented – in print rooms and museums, in the venues of the art market, and in the monographic projects, large and small, that have catalogued and re-catalogued the works of major and minor masters, now with the aid of ever changing methods of technical investigation. In the Netherlands, the Rembrandt Research Project; seven-volume Rembrandt: The New Hollstein, of 2013; and Corpus Rubenianum have relied on and advanced the methods of connoisseurship. So too have such collaborative investigative initiatives as the Bosch Project and Lasting Support: An Interdisciplinary Research Project to Assess the Structural Condition of the Ghent Altarpiece, which led to the cleaning of Van Eyck’s masterpiece.
 
Recently, moreover, connoisseurship has been historicized and theorized. Recognizing early modern connoisseurship as a kind of knowledge-based expertise that was the purview of kunstkenners and liefhebbers (art lovers), as opposed to naamkoopers (name buyers), has shed light on historical notions of authenticity, originality, quality, style, judgment, and discernment, as well as on the practices of art making and collecting, of workshop practices and collaboration. Understood in the context of its historical development, and through such early interlocutors as Van Mander, Van Hoogstraten, De Lairesse, Bosse, and De Piles, connoisseurship takes on new dimensions, as do its problematic aspects, such as its association with the practices (and malpractices) of art dealers. Theorized as a method of visual analysis, connoisseurship has been given new life – as a ‘new connoisseurship’ – in its association with technical art history and the scientific investigation of works of art, with intuition and neuroscience, as well as with the computational analysis of large data sets.
 
This volume of the NKJ seeks proposals that explore the connoisseurship – and the connoisseur – of Netherlandish art by bringing together new research into their history, recent practice, and conceptualization. Questions to consider include, but are not limited to:

What is the relation between connoisseurship and our understanding of style, quality, and the history of taste, and of concepts of the artist? How can new insights into early modern artistic practices, and into the attitudes of painters, kenners and liefhebbers towards authorship, impact present day practices of attribution and notions of ‘authentic’ or ‘autograph’ works? How can we think about connoisseurship across media? Are interpretations of the results of technical investigations nothing other than classical connoisseurship? Or do these apparently objective methods make connoisseurship rooted in the personal experience of the connoisseur obsolete? Can the ‘new connoisseurship’ raise new questions and alter the traditional goals and objectives of connoisseurship? Can cognitive and neuro-scientific research provide evidence about how and why connoisseurship works? How are seeing and knowing related, and how were they considered to be related in the past? What is the future of connoisseurship and do we need a better term for these practices?

 
The NKJ is dedicated to a particular theme each year and promotes innovative scholarship and articles that employ a diversity of approaches to the study of Netherlandish art in its wider context. For more information, see
http://www.brill.com/publications/netherlands-yearbook-history-art-neder...
 
Contributions to the NKJ (in Dutch, English, German or French) are limited to a maximum of 7,500 words, excluding notes and bibliography. Following a peer review process and receipt of the complete text, the editorial board will make final decisions on the acceptance of papers.
 
Please send a 500-word proposal and a short CV to the volume editors by January 15, 2018:
 
H. Perry Chapman This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Dulcia Meijers This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Schedule:
15 January 2018: Deadline for submission of proposals.
February 2018: Notifications about proposals.
1 May 2018: Deadline for submission of first drafts.
August 2018: Comments by reviewers and editors to contributors.
December 2018: Final drafts.
Spring 2019: Images ready, copy editing, print proofs for correction.
Winter 2019: Publication.

Original author: RWillie
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Post at Newcastle

© Society for Renaissance Studies 2017

Original author: RWillie
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Burkhardt at 200

An interdisciplinary conference to be held at the British Academy, London

 

The bicentenary of the birth of the Swiss scholar, Jacob Burckhardt (25 May 1818 - 8 August 1897), author of Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (1860), seems an appropriate moment at which take stock and consider whether or not the idea of an ‘Italian Renaissance’ is still a hermeneutically helpful one. This conference will task an interdisciplinary team of scholars of Renaissance studies as well as of Burckhardt himself to interrogate both the Swiss historian’s own agenda as well as the contemporary validity and helpfulness of the label ‘Italian Renaissance’. Specific reference will be made to the themes treated in his classic account: the state as a work of art; development of the individual; revival of antiquity; discovery of the world and of man; society and festivals; morality and religion.

 

Speakers: Robert Black (Leeds, Emeritus), Jill Burke (Edinburgh), Virginia Cox (NYU Villa La Pietra, Florence), Wietse de Boer (Miami, Ohio), Marco Gentile (Parma), Mary Laven (Cambridge), Mikkel Mangold (Basel), Giuseppe Marcocci (Oxford), Sarah Ross (Boston), Nicholas Terpstra (Toronto), Joan-Pau Rubies (Barcelona Pompeu Fabre), Will Stenhouse (Yeshiva, New York), Claudia Wedepohl (Warburg Institute) and Barbara von Reibnitz (Basel)

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Seminar: Prof Patricia Palmer, “A Limerick Jesuit in the Green Atlantic”, Centre for Early Modern Studies Limerick, 15 Nov 2017

Seminar: Prof Patricia Palmer, “A Limerick Jesuit in the Green Atlantic”, Centre for Early Modern Studies Limerick, 15 Nov 2017 | Shakespeare in Ireland
Original author: Emily Y. O'Brien

Musical Culture in the Wars of Religion, 1550-1650

St Catharine's College, Cambridge

 

Talks by:

Peter Bennett (Case Western Reserve) Marie-Alexis Colin (Brussels) Tom Hamilton (Cambridge) Kat Hill (Birkbeck) David van der Linden (Groningen) Margaret McGowan (Sussex) Emilie Murphy (York) David Potter (Kent) Alex Robinson (Cambridge) John Romey (Case Western Reserve) Daniel Trocmé Latter (Cambridge)and featuring a lecture-recital by Edward Wickham and the Choir of St Catharine's College, Cambridge of the Dodecacorde of Claude Le Jeune Edward Wickham (Cambridge)

 

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Dr John Guy biography of Mary, Queen of the Scots adapted as a feature film

last modified Nov 08, 2017 10:23 AM

Dr John Guy's biography My Heart is My Own: The Life of Mary Queen of Scots is being adapted as a feature film with Saoirse Ronan as Mary and Margot Robbie as Queen Elizabeth.

More information here

Dr John Guy biography of Mary, Queen of the Scots adapted as a feature film

last modified Nov 08, 2017 10:23 AM

Dr John Guy's biography My Heart is My Own: The Life of Mary Queen of Scots is being adapted as a feature film with Saoirse Ronan as Mary and Margot Robbie as Queen Elizabeth.

More information here

Irish Renaissance Seminar meeting, TCD, 18 November, 1–4.30pm

The next biannual meeting of the Irish Renaissance Seminar will be held at Trinity College Dublin on Saturday, 18 November 2017 at 1–4.30pm.

Full details will be posted shortly!

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Gaiety School of Acting Shakespeare Schools Programme: King Lear (Cork and Dublin)

The Gaiety School of Acting Shakespeare Schools Programme presents King Lear. A run at Dean Crowe theatre in Athlone has already been completed, with dates remaining in Cork and Dublin cities at Firkin Crane and Smock Alley theatres respectively.

The Gaiety School of Acting – The National Theatre School of Ireland is offering Leaving Cert. students a unique opportunity.

The Gaiety School of Acting is delighted to launch our 2017 production of King Lear. This production will travel to Smock Alley Theatre, Dublin, Firkin Crane, Cork and The Dean Crowe Theatre, Athlone from the 23rd of October to the 1st December.

This is the 5th year of our Shakespeare Schools programme and in 2016 we performed Hamlet for almost 6500 students from 130 schools. This means that almost 1 in every 9 students sitting their leaving Certificate English exams in June will have seen our production. We are excited to once again provide students with the opportunity to see Shakespeare’s work live.

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