Martine Hardy is a graduate student in Early Modern History, enrolled for a History Ph.D. in co-direction at the University of Montreal and Paris XIII.
Studying both Seventeenth century France and New France, her thesis – tentatively titled "Au diable la crainte de Dieu”: les résistances à l’égard du religieux en France et en Nouvelle-France au XVIIe siècle – aims to reassess the anthropological religious background in which Catholics lived on both sides of the Atlantic,thereby allowing a better understanding of the ways in which coexisted a large spectrum of religious positionings (from the mystics to the so-called atheists or libertines). From this foundation, she hopes to better characterize the paths of religious dissidence and resistance at a time when the Roman Church was attempting to impose the new Counter-Reformation Catholicism. Her study targets particularly popular culture and, in New France, the confrontation of French settlers with the religious traditions of Native Americans who were unaware of the judeo-christian principle of sin.
Previous studies: - History Master at the University of Montreal, 2009-2011: Ninon de Lenclos (1623-1705), le parcours d’une libertine au XVIIe siècle.